American Soldier (USA) vs British Soldier – Military Comparison
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American Soldier (USA) vs British Soldier – Military Comparison


Do you think you’ve got what it takes to
be a soldier? Would you even want to become a soldier? Today we are going to look at the life of
soldiers, in this episode of the Infographics Show, American Soldier vs British Soldier. Don’t forget to subscribe and click the
bell button so that you can be part of our Notification Squad. There are many different types of military
service, with the most renowned arguably being the Army. If you join the military you could also end-up
working in the other main branches which are the air force, the navy, the marine corps,
the coast guard, or even as a reserve. There are many more things you could do that
make you a military man or woman, so to not complicate matters too much, we will discuss
the American and British armies today. We’ll start with how you get into the army
and what it takes to do so. The American army is the largest and oldest
branch of the U.S. military. It was founded in 1775 to fight the British
during the American Revolution. It’s now one of the largest and certainly
most powerful armies in the world with a total number of personnel of just under one million. The Brits may have been fighting their battles
for many centuries, but the British army was only formally established in 1660. Prior to this the English army was the strongest
military force in the region we now call the British Isles. Notwithstanding the British army’s successes
and how it helped to forge an Empire, the present British Army is quite small with around
112,000 personnel. So, how do you become a soldier in one of
these armies? In the U.S. you must be between the ages of
18 and 35, although if your mother or father gives you consent, you can join at the age
of 17. You should probably have a high school diploma,
although most military websites do say that exceptions can be made, especially if you
have passed a General Educational Development test. They ask you not to have more than two dependents,
and you must pass a medical exam and physical tests. They also require that you pass the Armed
Services Vocational Aptitude test. We looked at example test questions online
and it seems you must know some basic English vocabulary and grammar, as well as have a
fairly basic understanding of math, science and mechanics. Do you know the meaning of the word “observe”
or where the coolant flows in a car? If you do, you are part way there. Once all that is done with, you can start
your 10 weeks of Basic Combat Training, commonly referred to as Boot Camp. If you want to join the regular British Army,
you can do so at the age of 16 without any kind of qualifications. Remember that Brits can leave school at 15
if they don’t, or can’t, take A-Levels. This might be a reason why the BBC reported
in 2013 that 39 percent of new recruits to the British army have a reading age of 11. On the other hand, to join the officers’
corps you need some qualifications. The army states that you can start the application
process before you are 16, although if you actually join before the age of 18 you still
need your parents’ consent. You cannot apply if you are older than 33. The army recruitment site says even criminal
convictions won’t stop you getting in as it states “Army life is a great way to make
a fresh start.” You’ll be given some medical tests and also
have to prove you are fit. One such fitness test is to run 1.5 miles
(2.4km) in less than 10 minutes 30 seconds (or 12 minutes 45 seconds for females). You’ll also have to do 44 push-ups in less
than two minutes. (Females only have to do 21.) Once that is done, you will join a 20-40 week
boot camp to learn basic skills and see what area you might specialize in. Once you are in, what can you expect? In the U.S army, you’ll receive healthcare,
food allowance, housing, and pay. You might also be paid more depending on where
you are deployed. Wage depends on your rank, but if you’ve
just started out, you’ll get a basic salary of just less than 2,000 dollars a month as
well as housing benefits. After two years of service, this goes up,
and if you are deployed somewhere like Afghanistan, you could receive extra deployment pay of
250 dollars a month for separation from family; 150 dollars hazard pay, and 225 dollars for
being in the line of fire and in imminent danger. British army newbies during their long training
stage will get as much as 24,890 dollars a year. Once you are trained, you’ll begin a series
of steps from Lieutenant to 2nd Lieutenant and earn between 33,297 dollars and 42,669
dollars for a number of years. A downside for British troops is that they
don’t seem to be paid extra for hazards and getting shot at. In fact, according to recent articles in the
media, given they often work 16 hours a day, their wage ends-up being less than the hourly
British minimum wage. In the UK and the U.S. army, if you stay longer
than five years, your rank and salary will improve greatly if you are doing a good job. Once you have decades under your belt, you
might achieve colonel, and in both armies the pay is good. A U.S. colonel with less than 2 years in the
position will receive about 91,000 dollars a year including benefits, while the British
colonel just after promotion to the position will receive 109,855 dollars a year. Brits receive a total of six weeks paid vacation
time a year, which includes public holidays, while US soldiers receive 30 days a year providing
they worked the full year. They also get public holidays. This amounts to about the same as a British
soldier. Retirement benefits are a little confusing
as it depends on how long you have been a soldier. In the U.S., if you worked 20 years in the
army, you’ll receive 50 percent of the last pay packet you received. So if you earned 70,000 dollars, you’ll
get around 35,000 dollars per year for the rest of your life. If you decide to stay on each year, the 50
percent will go up by 2.5 percent. In the UK, you can wait until 55 to collect
your pension or also opt to leave the service after 35 years and collect 50% of final pensionable
pay. Soldiers can also opt to pay into different
pension schemes. A very important matter is life on the job,
and certainly if you are working in a dangerous area. The latest statistics according to the U.S.
Department of Defense Casualty Report says that the war on terror claimed the lives of
2,350 in and around Afghanistan from 2001-2015. 20,092 soldiers were injured. 40 U.S. deaths and 183 wounded followed in
later campaigns in the same areas. What the government called “Freeing Iraq”
amounted to 4,424 U.S. deaths and 31,954 wounded. Later campaigns in Iraq have claimed 100s
more lives. Far fewer British soldiers lost their lives
in the Iraq invasion, with the number reported at 179. Less than 500 were killed in Afghanistan. In fact, the Economist reports that since
1945, a total of 7,186 British soldiers lives have been lost around the globe. The US number is over 100,000 since the same
date. Another thing we should mention is the effect
being a soldier might have on the mind. Reports state that US soldiers are seven times
more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder than UK soldiers, a condition that
has been well documented in books and documentaries. Experts suggest that this is cultural, and
certain cultures deal with stress and trauma in different ways. Apparently the British stiff upper lip plays
a part here, and it seems American soldiers express their grief, while the Brits bottle
it up or even turn to the bottle. Speaking about British soldiers, after working
with them in the Middle East, one American troop is quoted as saying, “Those Brits
are a strange old race; they show affection by abusing each other, will think nothing
of casually stopping in the middle of a fire fight for their ‘brew up’ and eat food
that I wouldn’t give to a dying dog!” He also said he’d prefer to fight alongside
those troops than any other country’s soldiers. The reason, he said, was that when the chips
are down, and there is no hope left, they just… soldier on. This sounds nice, and it’s quoted all over
the Internet, but we can’t confirm the original source or its veracity. So, tell us which military you would rather
join, and if you’ve been a soldier or know one, why not share your thoughts in the comments! Also, be sure to check out our other video
called Average American vs Average European! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t
forget to like, share, and subscribe. See you next time!

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